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DNA methylation in mycobacteria: Absence of methylation at GATC (Dam) and CCA/TGG (Dcm) sequences

Kirugaval C. Hemavathy, Valakunja Nagaraja
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-695X.1995.tb00159.x 291-296 First published online: 1 July 1995


The presence of 6-methyladenine and 5-methylcytosine at Dam (GATC) and Dcm (CCA/TGG) sites in DNA of mycobacterial species was investigated using isoschizomer restriction enzymes. In all species examined, Dam and Dcm recognition sequences were not methylated indicating the absence of these methyltransferases. On the other hand, high performance liquid chromatographic analysis of genomic DNA from Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed significant levels of 6-methyladenine and 5-methylcytosine suggesting the presence of DNA methyltransferases other than Dam and Dcm. Occurrence of methylation was also established by a sensitive genetic assay.

  • Mycobacteria
  • DNA methylation
  • dam
  • dcm

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